籼稻品种三黄占2号的稻瘟病持久抗性评价与遗传分析

伍尚忠, 朱小源, 刘斌, 杨祁云, 张少红, H.Leung
中国农业科学, 2004, 37(4): 528-534  DOI: 10.3321/j.issn:0578-1752.2004.04.011;      追溯原文......本站官方QQ群:62473826
水稻; 稻瘟病; 持久抗性; 遗传; 基因标记

籼稻三黄占2号在生产上种植10多年,表现了稳定持久的稻瘟病抗性。接种及多点田间试验结果表明,三黄占2号不仅对中国稻瘟病菌株有广谱抗性,而且对菲律宾稻瘟病菌株亦有高的抗性频率(98%)。在国际稻瘟病圃(IRBN)其叶瘟及穗瘟抗性相当或好于持久抗性品种OS6、Moroberekan和IR36。三黄占2号感病后,亦显示出高水平稻瘟病数量抗性。分析由三黄占2号与丽江新团黑谷杂交构建的重组自交系分离群体的抗病性,发现三黄占2号稻瘟病质量抗性是由多个主效基因控制的,其稻瘟病数量抗性是非小种专一的。应用候选抗性基因方法鉴定出3个质量抗性主效基因,5个与其数量抗性显著相关的防卫基因标记(P≤0.05)。结果表明,广谱的质量抗性与高水平的数量抗性的结合,使三黄占2号获得稳定持久的稻瘟病抗性。用回交法把三黄占2号的抗病性基因导入优质高产感病品种特籼占13号,获得与三黄占2号的抗病性相类似的BC3F3株系,分子标记辅助检测证明三黄占2号的主效基因及QTLs能较好地遗传给杂交后代。初步选出一些抗病性好及经济性状好的新抗病品系。

Genetic Analysis and Evaluation of Durable Resistance to Blast in Indica Cultivar Sanhuangzhan2

WU Shang-zhong, ZHU Xiao-yuan, LIU Bin, YANG Qi-yun, ZHANG Shao-hong, H. Leung
Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2004, 37(4): 528-534
Rice; Blast; Durable disease resistance; Inheritance; Gene mapping

Sanhuangzhan 2 (SHZ-2), an indica cultivar, has been planted in South China for more than 10 years and showed durable resistance to blast. Inoculation and multi-locational tests indicated that SHZ-2 not only had a broad spectrum of resistance to the Chinese blast isolates, but also had a high frequency of resistance to the Philippine isolates (98%), and its leaf blast and neck blast resistance in International Rice Blast Nurseries (IRBN) were as good as or even better than OS6,Moroberekan and IR36 which were recognized as cultivars with durable resistance to blast. High level of quantitative resistance to blast in SHZ-2 was also recorded after it was infected by compatible isolates. The results from analysis of disease resistance in recombinant inbred lines derived from cross between SHZ-2 and Lijiangxintuanheigu(LTH) in different inoculation and field tests suggested that the blast qualitative resistance in SHZ-2 was controlled by multiple major genes, and its blast quantitative resistance was race-non specific. With candidate resistance gene approach, three major genes associated with blast qualitative resistance and five defense response gene markers significantly associated with blast quantitative resistance in SHZ-2 were identified. Research results suggest that the both combination of broad spectrum of blast qualitative resistance and high level of blast quantitative resistance in SHZ-2 contributes to its durable blast resistance. Advanced backcrossed and molecular-assisted selection was performed to introduce the blast resistance genes from SHZ-2 into Texianzhan 13(TXZ-13), an indica type cultivar with high yielding and good quality but susceptible to blast. Several new resistance lines bearing several major genes and QTLs were obtained.


基因列表
  稻瘟病抗性基因 PiGD1(t)
  稻瘟病抗性基因 PiGD2(t)
  稻瘟病抗性基因 PiGD3(t)
品种列表
  三黄占2号